Rahul Gandhi (Hindi: राहुल गांधी, born on 19 June 1970) is an Indian politician and member of the Parliament of India, representing the Amethi constituency.His political party is the Indian National Congress. He is a member of the Nehru-Gandhi family.
Rahul Gandhi was born in Delhi, the first amongst 2 children of Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India and Sonia Gandhi, the currentCongress President. He is the elder brother of Priyanka Gandhi. His grandmother was Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
He received an M.Phil. in Development Studies in 1995 from Trinity College, Cambridge.
In 2003, there was widespread media speculation about Rahul Gandhi’s imminent entry into national politics, which he did not confirm. He appeared with Smt Sonia Gandhi at public events and Congress meetings.He also traveled to Pakistan on a goodwill visit to watch the first cricket series between the countries in 14 years in a One Day International with his sisterPriyanka Gandhi.
In March 2004, he announced his entry into politics by announcing that he would contest the May 2004 elections, standing for his father’s former constituency of Amethi in Uttar Pradeshin the Lok Sabha, India’s lower house of Parliament.. The seat had been held by Smt Sonia Gandhi until she transferred to the neighbouring seat of Rae Bareilly. The Congress had been doing poorly in Uttar Pradesh, holding only 10 of the 80 Lok Sabha seats in the state at the time.At the time, this move generated surprise among political commentators, who had regarded his sister Priyanka as being the more charismatic and likely to succeed. . It generated speculation that the presence of a young member of India’s most famous political family would reinvigorate the Congress party’s political fortunes among India’s youthful population.In his first interview with foreign media, he portrayed himself as a uniter of the country and condemned “divisive” politics in India, saying that he would try to reduce caste and religious tensions. His candidacy was greeted with excitement by locals, who had a long standing affinity with the family’s presence in the area. , Politician of Indian National Congress He won with a landslide majority, retaining the family stronghold with a margin of over 100,000 as the Congress unexpectedly defeated the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party. His campaign was directed by his younger sister, Priyanka Gandhi Vadhera.Till 2006 he held no other office and concentrated mainly on constituency issues and the politics of Uttar Pradesh, and it was widely speculated in the Indian and international press that Sonia Gandhi is trying to groom him for a chance to become a national-level Congress leader in the future.
In January 2006, at a convention of the Indian National Congress in Hyderabad, thousands of party members asked for Gandhi to take a more prominent leadership role in the party and demanded that he address the delegates. He said “I appreciate and I am grateful for your feelings and support. I assure you I will not let you down”, but asked for patience and declined to immediately seek a higher profile role.
Gandhi and his sister (married to Robert Vadhera) managed their mother’s campaign for reelection to Rae Bareilly in 2006, which was won easily with a margin greater than 400,000 votes.
He was a prominent figure in a high profile Congress campaign for the 2007 Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections.
Rahul Gandhi was appointed a general secretary of the All India Congress Committee on 24 September 2007 in a reshuffle of the party secretariat.In the same reshuffle, he was also given charge of the Youth Congress and the National Students Union of India.
In his attempt to prove himself as a youth leader in November 2008 he held interviews at his 12, Tughlak Lane residence in New Delhi to handpick at least 40 people who will make up the think-tank of the Indian Youth Congress (IYC), an organisation that he has been keen to transform since he was appointed general secretary in September 2007.
Rahul Gandhi participated in an interactive session with students of Jawaharlal Nehru University, India. The University student unions have been traditionally dominated by the Left. His party, INC, however, was quick to play up Rahul’s visit to JNU as an “excellent example of youth participation in politics”. Rahul’s grandmother, Indira Gandhi had to face huge opposition from Left student unions during her visit to the university campus in 1982 because of her decision to impose emergency.
Rahul was quizzed by the students on issues ranging from hiearchial politics in India, to his visits to Dalit Houses, economic growth in the country and education reforms. Some papers, however, reported Rahul’s visit to JNU as a political attempt to strengthen the newly constituted unit of NSUI at JNU.
In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, he retained his Amethi constituency by defeating his nearest rival by a margin of over 333,000 votes. In these elections congress is said to have revived itself in Uttar Pradesh by winning 21 out of the total 80 Lok Sabha seats and the majority of the credit for this turnaround is given to Rahul Gandhi.He spoke at 125 rallies across the country in six weeks.
He is referred to as RG in party circles.
Gandhi had advised austerity for all the Congress members and claims to wear simple clothes and not waste money. He said it is the duty of all politicians to be austere. It is alleged that he has a personal biking track as well as one for go-karting.
Rahul Gandhi took a train in AC chair car to Ludhiana and saved Rs 445. Rahul Gandhi traveled back to New Delhi in the Swarn Shatabdi Express.